an overview of heavy oil properties and its

Density of crude oil as function of temperature

2020-8-14Correlations for crude oil density and temperature are found by use of tools based on ASTM D 1250-04 and IP 200/04 (API Manual of Petroleum Measurement Standards Chapter 11- physical properties Data Section 1:Temperature and pressure volume correction factors for generalised crude oils refined products and lubricating oils) Each colored line represents a crude oil with a given

Agenda

5 6 trillion barrels of heavy-oil and extra-heavy oil resources are estimated worldwide in more than 100 countries: this is a massive resource which faces major challenges In this session heavy oil experts from different countries will talk about their innovations technologies workflows and challenges to cater to the current and future

Soil properties — Science Learning Hub

The combinations of these determine the soil's properties – its texture structure porosity chemistry and colour Soil texture Soil is made up of different-sized particles Soil texture refers to the size of the particles that make up the soil and depends on the proportion of sand silt and clay-sized particles and organic matter in the

HEAVY FUEL OIL (HFO)

2018-10-29an oil spill is likely to happen every second year within the Bering Sea" Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) consists mainly of residual products from crude oil refining processes and as it is relatively cheaper than for instance lighter marine fuels it is often used as fuel in marine vessel engines (PAME II 2016) HFO and residual fuel oils

Heat Transfer Properties of Engine Oils

2005-8-31HEAT TRANSFER PROPERTIES OF ENGINE OILS Wrenick Scott1 Sutor Paul1 Pangilinan Harold2 Schwarz Ernest E 2 1 Surfaces Research Lenexa KS 2 U S Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command Warren MI ABSTRACT The thermal properties of engine oil are important traits affecting the ability of the oil to transfer heat from the engine

Oil Sands Geology and the Properties of Bitumen

Oil sands deposits can actually be found all over the world including Kazakhstan Russia Madagascar and the United States Although all oil sands contain heavy complex hydrocarbons their physical properties can vary The Athabasca oil sands found in Alberta are water-wet meaning a layer of water is thought to coat the bitumen and solids

2 OVERVIEW OF TOTAL PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS

2011-10-19its own mix of constituents One reason for this is that crude oil itself varies in its composition Some of this variation is reflected in the finished petroleum product The acronym PHC (petroleum hydrocarbons) is widely used to refer to the hydrogen- and carbon-containing compounds originating from crude oil but

Geological Geophysical Characterization of Heavy

As heavy oil properties are different from conventional oil its exploration and production requires special seismic strategies and rock physics models Geophysical characterization of heavy oil reservoirs is therefore at the heart of production of this resource

SPE Online Education: What Happens When Heavy Oil

2020-4-29Heavy oil is a significant global resource but is challenging to recover and process due to its high intrinsic viscosity One method to reduce its viscosity is to add solvent Mixing heavy oil and solvent sounds simple in principle but can lead to surprisingly complex results

Viscosity of Crude Oil

Crude oil is a complex mixture of various components Depending on its geographic origin its chemical composition and consistency vary The different types of crude oil need to be classified for further treatment Both a crude oil's viscosity and its API (American Petroleum Institute) degree are important parameters for classification

What is Heavy Fuel Oil Used For?

2020-8-14In this article we looked at what is heavy fuel oil used for along with its properties We use heavy fuel oil or residual fuel oil as the source of the combustion in ships marine diesel engines In this article we will discuss properties of the heavy fuel oil and its storage in the ships bunker tanks with the heating arrangement and the storage temperature maintained at 104ᴼF

Crude Oil

Crude oil is referred to as either light medium or heavy based on its density The American Petroleum Institute gravity commonly shortened to API gravity compares the density of crude to water An API gravity higher than 10 means the oil is less dense than water and will float on it

Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO)

The generic term heavy fuel oil (HFO) describes fuels used to generate motion and/or fuels to generate heat that have a particularly high viscosity and density In the MARPOL Marine Convention of 1973 heavy fuel oil is defined either by a density of greater than 900 kg/m at 15C or a kinematic viscosity of more than 180 mm/s at 50C

Notes on Heavy Fuel Oil

2020-7-18Section 2 Marine Fuel Oil Origins and the Influence of refinery Processes 2 8 ABS NOTES ON HEAVY FUEL OIL 1984 TABLE 1 Crude Source Related Properties and Characteristics i) Sulfur ii) Vanadium Nickel etc iii) Pour point iv) Ash content In addition to the contaminants pour point (a property) is directly related to the source of the crude

Reservoir fluids properties

2019-8-13An oil at its bubblepoint pressure or a gas at its dewpoint pressure Critical point The pressure and temperature of a reservoir fluid where the bubblepoint pressure curve meets the retrograde dewpoint pressure curve (see Figures 1 and 2) representing a unique state where all properties of the bubblepoint oil are identical to the dewpoint gas

Bitumen Partial Upgrading 2018 Whitepaper

2019-8-21Figure 1 1: Crude Oil and Other Liquid Hydrocarbon Reserves (2016) Source (EIA 2017) Unfortunately Canada's major oil production region in Alberta is geographically isolated from world markets and most of its oil reserves are heavy which require more refining than crude oils

Husky Energy Approves New Heavy Oil Thermal

CALGARY AB--(Marketwired - November 18 2015) - Husky Energy (TSX: HSE) has sanctioned Rush Lake 2 a new 10 000 barrels per day (bbls/day) heavy oil thermal development in Saskatchewan as it continues to advance its resilient portfolio of low sustaining capital projects The Company's heavy oil thermal production is expected to reach about 80 000 bbls/day by the end of 2016 from about

crude oil

2020-8-18Crude oil liquid petroleum that is found accumulated in various porous rock formations in Earth's crust and is extracted for burning as fuel or for processing into chemical products Crude oil is a mixture of varying hydrocarbons and other chemicals and its physical properties vary widely

Overview of Crude Units

2007-4-3Figure 1-3 shows that light vacuum gas oil (LVGO) and heavy vacuum gas oil (HVGO) are produced Sometimes depending on its properties LVGO is blended with other products like atmospheric diesel Both are typically used as feed to fluid catalytic cracking units The vacuum distillation consists of the vacuum furnace vacuum tower

Paths for Upgrading Heavy Oil

So upgrading heavy oil really means managing the hydrogen to carbon ratio There are two major pathways to manage or change the hydrogen to carbon ratio The first pathway is called carbon rejection By rejecting carbon from the heavy oil say through coking-- making a carbon-rich byproduct coke The remainder from that product becomes

Glycerine: overview

2008-10-9With such an uncommon blend of properties glycerine finds application among a broad diversity of end uses In some glycerine is the material of choice because of its physical characteristics while other uses rely on glycerine's chemical properties Glycerine has over 1500 known end uses Major or large volume applications

Essential oils their therapeutic properties and

Medicinal properties Eugenol is well-known for its therapeutic properties and is widely used in dentistry Antioxidant: When tested against tert-butylated hydroxytoluene EO exhibited a very strong radical scavenging activity Antifungal: It possesses antifungal activity Clove oil and its main content eugenol also reduce the quantity of

Crude Oil

Crude oil is referred to as either light medium or heavy based on its density The American Petroleum Institute gravity commonly shortened to API gravity compares the density of crude to water An API gravity higher than 10 means the oil is less dense than water and will float on it

Notes on Heavy Fuel Oil

2020-7-18Section 2 Marine Fuel Oil Origins and the Influence of refinery Processes 2 8 ABS NOTES ON HEAVY FUEL OIL 1984 TABLE 1 Crude Source Related Properties and Characteristics i) Sulfur ii) Vanadium Nickel etc iii) Pour point iv) Ash content In addition to the contaminants pour point (a property) is directly related to the source of the crude